Hello all. This is my first post here in these forums, and look forward to conversing with the many different thoughts you all have here. (I am new to the idea of universalism, by the way, and am genuinely interested in its Biblical and metaphysical implications.)
What I want to do is present a sophicated understanding of Predestination, Grace, Free Will, Sin and God’s sovereignty from a classical Thomist perspective. I held this view for a long time, but am not so sure I hold it anymore (for various reasons). At any rate, I want to present something I wrote explaining the Thomist perspective to see what you guys think of it. Many people simply do not understand this teaching (which has been held by Thomistic theologians for the past 500+ years), and equate it with Calvinism (which it isn’t, at least in theory, due to the distinction between sufficient and efficacious grace.)
Another point I want to make before I present: this is what is known as “classical Thomism.” It’s proponents have been John of St. Thomas, Gonet, Bulliart, and, especially, the late Fr. Garrigou Lagrange (whose monumental work on Grace can be found here and read for free: ewtn.com/library/Theology/gracegarrlagr.HTM). That’s not to say it is what all people who claim to follow St. Thomas believe he taught on these subjects, however.
Here, then, is a large part of my chapter on the issues mentioned above. Please put comments in this thread if interested.