This might be a bit of a stretch, but I’ll float it out there.
Eph. 3.10-11: “His [God’s] intent was that now, through the Church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, according to his eternal purpose which he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
Don’t know if this passage has come up in discussion before. The issue here is what it might mean for the “wisdom” of God “to be made known” to these “rulers and authorities.” Of course, it matters who or what these rulers and authorities in the heavenly realm are. Are they benevolent or malevolent? Faithful angelic beings or fallen angels? If benevolent, then don’t they already “get it” so to speak? But elsewhere rulers and authorities appear to refer to fallen spiritual powers. If that’s who Paul is talking about, then he’s saying the wisdom of God “will be made known” to them. So the question becomes what’s involved in having God’s wisdom “made known” to you. And assuming he’s talking about malevolent spiritual powers, what might all this mean? Are they more or less forced to see the truth about God’s wisdom (the message of the Cross, the power of suffering love, the Cross, etc.) but still reject it? That seems strange to me, a bit alien to Paul’s point. A kind of cosmic, “There! Take that! See, I told you so.”
Paul says elsewhere (1Cor 2.7-10) that “rulers” don’t understand the “wisdom of God.” They don’t get it. Now, there’s some dispute about the identity of these “rulers” here as well. Some think human agents are meant, others angelic. But ultimately it may not matter since (a) Paul would have believed the human agents were motivated by evil agents, and (b) what he says about the Spirit as the unique revealer of God’s “wisdom” would apply to whomever that wisdom is “made known to,” angelic or human, and in Ephesians they’re angelic (“rulers and authorities in the heavenly realm”). Only the Spirit can reveal the truth and power of God’s “wisdom” (which “wisdom” for Paul is the way of redemptive, suffering love). Thus, perceiving the wisdom of God involves more than the ascent of the intellect to mere fact or a kind of forced confession. It suggests an apprehension of spiritual truth which is accepted. To wind this down then. In Ephesians Paul is saying that through God working in the Church, eventually even these rulers and authorities “in the heavenly realms” will come to “know” (i.e., see, perceive, viz., accept) this wisdom.
I should have said that the issue here for me is the ‘apokatastasis’ in the truly universal sense—that is, inclusive of evil powers, Satan included.
Just talking out loud.