Thanks Alex (and Luke!)
I wonder when this article was written? Baukham’s own exegesis of RevJohn (in his book on that topic) ended up being expressly universalistic in parts; a fact he repeatedly acknowledged and then kind of went back on for no clear reason in the text. (It helped, if one wants to call it ‘helping’ , that he either didn’t notice or avoided calling attention to several key portions of the text which would have strengthened the exegetical case in RevJohn even more.)
Bauckham “eternal punishment firmly asserted in official creeds”
He footnotes only the Athanasian Creed (4th or 5th century?)… Fourth Lateral Council (1213CE)… etc… etc…
Firmly asserted he says… correct me if I’m wrong, but I do not recall ETC ever being firmly asserted in any early creed… pre 451 Chalcedonian creed.
Sorry… I didn’t get pass the first paragraph.
I finally finished reading the article It was a good one
You make some good observations Alex that agree I with also.
Yes, your last quote you point to is a good one.