Circumcision- Pagan/Egyptian custom
Passover- Ancient Cannaanite pagan supersititious ritual involving slaughtering a lamb or goat to protect oneself against evil spirits
Laws of Moses- Nothing special, the Laws of Moses are the same as any ANE law code, not much different to the laws of Hammurabi.
Theocracy- Nothing special or new, the ANE was filled with theocracies and had kings and courts which the king was the representation of said God or Gods.
Prophets- Nothing special, ancient society was filled with prophets/oracles they received from their various gods/goddesses to prophesy against other gods/godesses.
Resurrection/Messiah- Not a new belief, was created by Zoroastrians.
Hell/Heaven- Obviously not new and was a pagan belief.
I used to think the bible was ‘‘special’’ because it was supposed to be ‘‘set apart’’ or different in quality from other nations, but over time through studying some of the ANE it really was no different than any other ANE society. In fact monotheism is really nothing special, all monotheism is essentially is exaggerated henotheism, and most self proclaimed monotheists are not even monotheists, as they believe in angels and demons and satan, which all come from babylon and persia. So not even self proclaimed true monotheism, Islam, is even truly monotheistic, as they still believe in a christian like version of lucifer, which is really just a second god/demigod.